Koraput district is located in Odisha, India. This district is known for its diversified mineral deposits. The Koraput district is located at Eastern Ghats. The name of such district is derived from its HQ named as Koraput. During the year 1992, the Koraput district was divided and four different districts were created like, Koraput, Malkangiri, Raygada, and Nawarangpur. Right on the north, Koraput is bounded by Nawrangpurat south Malkangiri, at west Bastar district that belongs to Chhattisgarh state, and at east it is bounded by Srikakulum and Vizaynagaram districts of Andhra Pradesh. The total area on which Koraput district is located is 8,807 sq km. it’s the district of Koraput that comes under the Agro Climatic Zone which is found on the highlands of Eastern Ghats.
Most of the parts of this district are undulated. However, Jeypore like sub division is located on the plane lands. It enjoys a humid and warm climatic condition most part of the year. It uses to receive a rainfall of 1567 mm every year. During the summer time, the max temp can remain around 34.1 degree centigrade. During the winter the temp can remain around 10.4 C. as per the census of 2011, the population of this district was 1,376,934. It’s the tallest mountain of Odisha state which is named as Deomali is located in this district. This mountain is 1672m high. This district is also popular for its tourist attractions and the tribal people.
It’s the district of Koraput that is known as an Adivasi area. That means in this district you are going to find many different types of tribal communities. Among all these tribal communities, the Barogadaba tribe has really managed to draw attention. This is also known as the primitive tribe of Koraput. In order to see these people and to know their lifestyle, you need to travel along Machhakunda. There are villages like Dural and Gotalpara where you can find the Barogadaba villages. These tribal people are believed to be more evolved ones culturally as well as socially. They use to live in their clean and well maintained homes.
The Gadaba people also believe in maintaining a strong family relationship. In this tribe both women and men use to have same status and importance. The prime festival these people use to celebrate is the Goter. They also use to organize the festival of hunting during the month of Mar and Apr. during this occasion, they use to prepare rive, mahua and beer like liquors. Both men and women use to take part in the traditional dance known as Dhemsa and all of them use to enjoy this lot.
The concentration of Adivasi or the tribal people is high in Koraput than other districts of Odisha. Near about 51 tribal groups are traced in this district. These tribal people are also divided into 3 major categories. It’s the Dravidian race that represents the Poraja, Kondh, Koya and Gond people. The next one is the Kolarian and Munda category that include Gadaba and Savara. The last one is the Austro Asian Race under which the Bondas tribal community uses to come. This is also a primitive tribal group of Koraput.
It’s the Duduma Waterfall that falls from a height of 157m. This waterfall is located on the Machhkund River. From the town of Koraput, this waterfall is located at a distance of 92 km. and from Vishakhapatnam, it is 200 km away. This waterfall is also located on the border of Odisha as well as Andhra Pradesh. In the southern part of India, this one is the highest one in its category. The water coming from this waterfall is also used to run the hydroelectric project constructed on Machhkund River and called as the Machhkund Hydro Electric Power Project. This power generation plant is located at Onukudelli. The scenic beauty of this waterfall uses to attract many visitors every year. You cannot just stop yourself from admiring this waterfall while standing and watching its mighty figure.
This place is considered as a vital one from pilgrimage perspective. The name for such place was derived from the pilgrimage spot known as Matsya Kunda. This place is located close to the Paderu Township in Andhra Pradesh. Around this amazing place another township has also developed which is known as Onukudelli. Close to the Machhkund waterfall, the Bonda tribe uses to live. There are also two sub waterfalls of Machhkund. One is located in Odisha and the other one at Andhra Pradesh. All these waterfalls are located under a picturesque setting. Due to this reason, Machhkund waterfall has become one of the tourist hot spot.
During the year 1928, King of Jeypore has planned for a dam. However, the planning was started for this project during the year 1930. Due to this reason, now the hydro electric power plant is running on Machhkund River. This is a collaborative project in which both the Govt. of Odisha as well as Andhra Pradesh is engaged. From this power plant, Odisha uses to receive thirty percent of power. During 2008, Odisha has started to receive more twenty percent of power after an agreement was signed between the two states.
The Kolab Dam is located at an elevation of 3000ft from the sea level. This dam is located on the River Kolab. This is dam is also supplying the water to run the hydro electric power plant that is created right here. This part of the world is very popular among tourists due to its scenic stats. This place is constantly inhibited by people who love to go for an outing during the weekend and picnic. Here you can also find the boating facility. For Koraput and Jeypore, the drinking water is primarily supplied through Kolab Dam.
During the year 1976, the Irrigation and Power Generation Dept of Odisha has initiated this project. This one is a multi-purpose project and the water required to generate power is taken from the Kolab Dam. It’s the Kolab River which is also a tributary river for River Godavari. From this dam, water is also supplied for irrigation purpose through a lift-canal system. It also supplies the drinking water for Sunabeda and Damanjodi like main towns of Koraput. The work for the Kolab Dam project was completed in three stages.
Right one the banks of River Kolab, the cave temple of Gupteswar are located. This temple is 80 km away from the town of Koraput. This is also the most important cave shrine where Lord Shiva is worshiped. This shrine is located on the limestone hill and right at the center of scenic bliss. The Gupteswar temple is where you can find the most sacred Swayambhu Shiva Linga and this Linga is called as Gupteswar and that means the Hidden God. At Gupteswar temple Shiva Ratri is the prime festival. Many pilgrims, devotees and visitors use to come during this time of the year in order to enjoy this festival with full splendor and pomp.
This is not just a famous temple in Odisha. Rater devotees from other parts of the country also prefer to come here in order to offer their prayers. People from the state of Chhattisgarh uses to call it Gupta Kedar. From this state such temple can be accessed through the forest tract that starts from Ramgiri Hill on the east side and located at a distance of 19 km from this place. The Gupteswar cave here is also popular for its underground water channel. This is a natural cave where you can find the superb structures created by Stalagmites. In order to watch this amazing scene, you need to reach the last part of the cave.
At the Sunabeda tahsil of Koraput district, Dumuriput is located. There are twelve villages located in the Sunabeda block and Dumuriput is one of them. The closest railway stop is Koraput. This place is popular for the Sri Ram Temple. This place is also also popular for the kneeling Hanuman’s statue that is considered to be the second highest one. Every year, this place use to become more prominent and crowded during the Shri Rama Navami festival.
During this time, thousands of devotees use to come here. As per the census of 2011, Dumuriput used to have a population of 379. From the dist HQ of Koraput and from the sub dist HQ of Sunabeda, this place is located at a distance of 26 km. for the Dumuriput village, Padmapur is declared as Gram Panchayat. There are 100 homes located in this village and it is spreading over an area of 220.54 hectares. Nabrangpur is the closest town to this place and it is located just 7 km away from Dumuriput.
Sabar Srikshetra means the Srikshetra for the Sabar people. And in the state of Odisha, Koraput has managed to receive this identity. In the town of Koraput, a Jagannath temple was constructed which is located 940m above the sea level. This temple is open for every religion. This temple is often considered as the symbol of Faith. This type of name is assigned for the temple as Lord Jagannath was once found as well as loved right at this place by primitive tribal people who are known as Sabara.