Jajpur district of Odisha is known as the most historic place in this state. This is also a popular pilgrimage spot in the state as it is also the home for several spots where pilgrims use to arrive every year. The district of Jajpur was once used as the capital for Kalinga Kingdom. This part of the world is also considered as the heavenly place from archeology perspective. There are many popular location located at this place among which the Shakti Pitha of Goddess Biraja is a more prominent one. Due to this reason the district of Jajpur is also called as the Biraja Kshetra.
There are many other tourist locations located here like Chandikhole, Chhatia, Maha Vinayak, Udaygiri and Ratnagiri. This district is also highly equipped with the natural resources that support the mining industries to flourish here at a great pace. This district is spreading over an area of 2,888 sq km and from this area 202 sq km is covered with forest. The population of this district is 1,622,868. It’s the literacy rate here is recorded to be 72.19%. Jajpur town is the district headquarters. There are two prime towns and 1781 villages coming under this district. It uses to receive 1, 771, 8 mm of annual rain fall.
It’s the Kalinga Nagar area which is located under this district. This area has remained under controversy for a long time. But this is also the prime hub of industrialization in Jajpur district. There are 6 bi steel plants located here like Neelanchal Nigam Limited, Jindal Stainless Limited, Mesco Steel, VISA Steel, and Tata Steel. This district of Odisha is also popular for its tourist hubs. Among these places some are considered as the most religious places in this state.
Ratnagiri is famous for its Buddhist pilgrimage spot. However, the Ratnagiri Museum, and Ratnagiri Fort are also the place that add more values for this place. This place is located close to Khandagiri and Udaygiri caves. There are many amazing Buddhist sculptures located at this place. These sculptures are situated around Ratnagiri’s hill range. After the excavation taken place here, traces were found that Ratnagiri is having a deep relation with Gupta dynasty. This dynasty has managed to flourish here during the 6th century AD. There is also a huge Buddhist monastery that was excavated at this place and it belongs to the Mahayana sect. Buddhism has managed to spread throughout this area due to the influence of great king Ashoka.
Among other Buddhist sculptures, the stupas, chaityas and the monastery are the prime ones which you can see at Ratnagiri. It’s the Ratnagiri Museum where you can even spend some time to know more about this place. Here, you can also see the Buddhist sculptures that are stored and preserved in a great manner. When you are in Ratnagiri, how you can miss the fort here. Paying a visit to this spot can help you to know more about the history of this place as well. From Bhubaneswar, Ratnagiri is located at a distance of 100 km. this place is also encompassed by some rivers at every direction. Some prime rivers of Odisha like Brahmani, Mahanadi, Birupa and Kimiria bounded this place from every side.
As the Biraja temple or Girija Devi temple is located in this district, it is also called as the Biraja Kshetra. Especially, the town of Jajpur is known in this fashion. This place belongs to the Sacred Goddess Biraja who symbolizes Power or Shakti. The Biraja temple which is also known as the Girija Devi temple is located in Jajpur district. This temple is also considered as the one among other 51 Shakti pithas. This is also the place where the Sati’s navel has fallen. During the 13th century this temple was built. It’s the town of Jajpur that has managed to grow around this temple over the years.
Here, the main temple is dedicated to Biraja Devi. It is also known as Biraja Mandir. Here, you can find the goddess’s who use to mount on the lions back while carrying the spear in one arm as well as holding the tail of the Mahishasur with her other hand. The prime festivals observed at this temple are Kali Puja and Durga Puja. Due to the establishment of this temple, the town of Jajpur is also considered as an important pilgrimage spot. After the King Jajati Keshari, such name was assigned for this place. From Cuttack and Bhubaneswar, Jajpur is located at a distance of 72 and 100 km respectively.
As per the Hinduism, Chhatia Matha has its own importance. Jagannath Dharma followers strongly believe that a 12 feet sword will come out of this Matha and this will symbolize the end of this world. Due to this reason, the Chhatia Matha has also become popular for its Jagannath Temple. From Cuttack it is located at a distance of 25 km and at the side of the national highway that runs towards Calcutta. It is also known as the 2nd Shree Kshetra of Odisha and in the Malika it is clearly mentioned. Here, you can find the accommodation facility at the Chandikhole Bazar.
It’s the Jagannath temple of Jajpur that is located right on the bank of River Baitarani. This temple is also closely located to several other pilgrimage spots. There is hardly any historical evidence found about the construction of this temple. However, the style followed for building this temple often suggests the fact that it is the oldest one in this state.
Chandikhole is the town located under Jajpur district. The name of such place was assigned after the famous Goddess Chandi. Baba Bhairabananda Brahmachari worshiped such goddess and built a deity for Maa Chandi at the adjoining section of two hills that are the part of Barunei Hill. This place is surrounded by dense forest and the wild life here seems to be enough thriving. Apart from a holistic place, it is also used as the best picnic spot. The winter time is the best time of the year to move for Chandikhole.
It’s the Mahavinayak which is considered as an important pilgrimage in the district of Jajpur. This is the oldest temple of Lord Ganesha. Here, you can also find five different Kshetras which are known as Pancha Devatas. This is the place where Lord Ganapati is worshiped. This historic place is located right on the Barunabanta Mountain. This is a beautiful place and it attracts both pilgrims and usual visitors to explore its beauty every year. This place is also the home for green forest and few streams. At the streams you can have a refreshing bath. The prime festival celebrated here is the Maha Shivaratri.
Right on the River Baitarani’s bank the Dasaswamedha Ghat is located. This is considered as a holy spot and it was built during when the King Jajati Keshari used to rule at this part of the world. Snana is the best and the most important occasion here during when many pilgrims use to come here in order to take part in that holy bath. This uses to fall during the month of Feb and Mar. There is a strong believe that once you take bath here during this time, you can get several blessings from the God. You can get the accommodation at Jajpur town’s hotels as well as lodges and can visit this place.
This is a famous temple and located just one km away from Jaraka. This place is considered as the most important one from mythology point of view. The importance of this place is related to the Mahabharata time. During that time, Pandavas came here to pay the homage to their ancestors and forefathers. As the River Brahmani is considered as a holy river, Pandavas came to Gokarneswar in order to complete the ancestral rituals at this spot.