Pipili is the village located in Puri district of Odisha state, India. This place is popular for its appliqué work. It’s the term applique that is derived from the French word appliquer that means To Put On. Well, there are two different variants of this art work. The first one is the appliqué where the fabric shape needs to be sewn over the base layer. The next one is the reverse appliqué where the two layers of a fabric need to be laid down as well as the shape needs to be cut out right from its upper layer subsequently. This uses to expose its lower layer and then both these layers need to be stitched together.
It’s the Govt. of India that has managed to assign the GI or the Geographical Indication for this product. It is believed that such art and craft work in Pipili was started during the 12th century which is also the origin time for the Jagannath culture. During the earlier time, appliqué canopies and umbrellas were made by the Gajapatis and used during the Ratha Yatra time. At present, appliqué works of Pipili are used at the households for decoration and other purposes. During the festival times in Odisha, such art works use to remain in great demand. These appliqué works are frequently used during the Jatras and rituals for the deities. Even at the homes of Odisha, you can see such art works that are used for home décor and ritual purposes.
Now days, artists are using different colors of fabrics in order to make such appliqué works. Such works are also used in a great range for the making of pillows, ritual dresses and seats and offered to the deities of different temples. For the umbrellas, they use water proof fabric as the base cloth; velvet fabric is used for making the tents, threads and cotton. From the town of Puri, the Pipili village is located at a distance of 40 km. the economy of this place is primarily depending on the Pipili art and craft works. Now day’s artists in Pipili use to make both the contemporary and traditional appliqué works. During the year 2004, Pipili has managed to enter into the Limca Book of Records for the biggest thematic- appliqué art work.